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THE CHANGING PROFILE OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT IN INDIA

Time is precious in today’s fast pace life. About 30% of India’s one billion population lives in cities. Projections indicate that the urban population will be close to 600 million by 2031 and many more metro cities will emerge by then. Mass transportation systems are an essential part of safe, clean and affordable transport for development. At present, 70 to 75 per cent of modes of commuting in most of the Indian cities comprise of walking, cycling and public transport despite the increasing number of cars and personal motor vehicles. Most of the public transport runs according to a scheduled timetable. Also, most frequent services take intervals before reaching the destination. Share taxis offer on-demand services in many parts of the country and some services wait until the vehicle is full before it starts. Para-transit is also sometimes used in areas of low-demand and for people who need a door-to-door service.

From a social perspective, public transport is often the only means of transport for the poor. Hence, it, in a way, improves livelihood opportunities. It also provides greater access to education, health care and recreation. India, thus, sports overwhelming needs but limited resources. Faulty planning of transport systems is a major cause of its relatively poor public transportation. When the transport system of a city is a problem, it affects other sectors as well, the real estate sector being one of them. Worn out and obsolete assets are an addition to the already lengthy list of problems faced by transport systems in India.

The Government of India has recognized that smart mobility, traffic safety services and increased investment in the urban infrastructure will help enhance the development of ‘smart cities’. People crave reliability, simplicity and legibility; hence authorities of transportation systems are taking care of the need for real-time information as a priority.

Considering the growing need and utilization of technology, Smart Public Transportation System is a step in the right direction. Although it seems like a tall order, some solutions have become a need of the hour across the country. A methodology based on combination of GPS and GSM/GPRS modem will prove to be of help to the people who use the public transportation for travelling. This program will be user-friendly and open to all. The user will be provided with the information about the current location of nearest buses approaching the stop. Based on this the user may change his schedule thus saving the long waiting hours at the bus stop. Also the system will definitely control the accidents due to over speed, by alerting the driver and passengers. A next stop indicator will also be installed in the bus to facilitate the passengers. The project will help reduce the long waiting hours for buses at the bus stops and detect the over speed of the buses thereby reducing the road accidents too.

Smart public transport, further, will be a safe medium of transport. Installation of CCTV cameras in the buses or trains along with the stations will ensure security and safety of people, an advantage for the system to encourage people to opt for public transportation more. This is already being implemented in many parts across the country. With electric mobility as a solution for the future, providence of sustainable cost-efficient transport solutions is a step towards development. The huge potential arising for various traffic management technologies in India will change the face of traffic intelligence in a distinctive manner.

The TrafficInfraTech Expo to be held in Hyderabad in September this year is the perfect platform showcasing more such solutions regarding traffic events. It is set to provide an exhibition of ideas, plans and devices based on technology collectively under one roof. Participate in the Expo to learn more about modern ways for a better traffic experience.

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